直到土地要回來前,絕不罷休

~by Dato Reynaldo – Chief of the Lumad of Kamansi
雖然要去的地方是看起來的充滿熱情的島嶼,但是卻也是我第一次參與國際會議帶著莫名的害怕,因為菲律賓從2019年1月1日至7月20日登革熱疫情已達146,062病例,造成622人死亡,也就那麼剛好發生在我們要去拜訪的民答拿俄。然而,也不幸地,全島目前菲律賓政府列為戒嚴地區。
我們沒有花很多的時間在會議桌上,倒是實地參訪人權受到壓迫的地區,聆聽在地的故事。我被分到要拜訪菲律賓的民答拿俄,真實的體會在地原住民(Lumad)的心聲。我彷彿親身體驗台灣正在戒嚴的情景,第一天就哭的唏哩花啦,因為這些受壓迫的事情正在發生。Lumad人從2018年的六月起,就被迫遷移到其他地方,離開自己的傳統領域,因為政府覬覦他們的土地。他們的土地有豐富的自然資源,金礦,肥沃的土地,溫泉,與地熱。此外,原本應該傳承他們文化和信仰的學校,也被迫關閉。
從2019年六月,有牧者挺身而出,向Lumad族人說明教會願意接納他們,並且提供菲律賓聯合教會所提供的暫時居住所。從去年6月到今年6月,有許多族人紮營在首都廣場前抗議。結果最後,他們被省政府強制驅離,他們被送回去自己的的地方,且政府威脅他們,生活將處處受到軍隊的騷擾。
有越來越多的示威者被國家貼上「紅色」的標籤。這意指
他們是「共產恐怖份子」、或是「國家的敵人」;實際上,他們這些被貼標籤的,是不被國際人權法所保障的一份子。這是政府透過反對抗的形式,來達成他們的策略,這麼做有幾種目的:1. 在百姓中散佈恐懼;2. 使政府官員和其他團體無法協助他們;3. 摧毀他們進一步的行動。政府這樣的做法,是在分化他們的組織,讓人們產生猜疑的心理狀態,以及恐懼。透過這樣內在分化的作法,達到牽制他們的效果。
自從2017年起,民答拿俄島全面開始實行戒嚴。政府藉此來控制人民的聲音,並實施經濟發展政策,就是將原住民全面驅離出自己的土地。戒嚴是對菲律賓人權的迫害,特別是那些殘害人民的性命,隨意逮捕,並且拘留他們,威嚇他們。另外,他們也對公民運動進行大規模的迫害,像是人權示威者、原住民、記者、律師,甚至是支持的政黨,政府限制人們的言論自由、限制和平集會,以及協會組織。我感到相當難過失望。
意外的事,發現菲律賓的原住民社會運動比台灣早,甚至有原住民基本法(Indigenous Peoples’ Rights Act of 1997. Indigenous People’s Rights Act of 1997 (IPRA),且國家也設有菲律賓的全國原住民委員會 (National Commission of Indigenous People,但談到Lumad時,他們卻遺忘 Lumad 是其中的原住民。
作為世界原住民的一份子,可以感受到他們的痛苦和憂心,因為這些正是過去台灣原住民所經歷,所受傷的,是一代接續一代的。這是我們血脈中的傷痕,我願意陪伴你們,直到公義與和平擁抱為止。

⟪We will not give up the struggle until we have our land back!!!!⟫
~( Dato Reynaldo – Chief of the Lumad of Kamansi)~
Even though the place where I went to is with hospitality, I felt a little bit afraid because the dengue fever has broke out from 1st Jan to 20th Jul, 2019. The dengue fever resulted in 146,062 cases, and 622 people died from the disease in Philippine. Coincidentally, the one of areas of outbreak epidemic is the place where I visited this time, Mindanao. More worse, the place is listed as a “Martial Law” place.
We didn’t spent much time in meeting room; however, the most of time we visited the place where the human right was oppressed, hearing their own stories. I was sent to Mindanao to visit Lumad people, an indigenous people of Philippine. I can truly feel how martial law affected their lives so severely. I cry and cry on the first day I visited because the injustice was not past, but is happening now. The Lumad people has been internally displaced from their ancestral domain since June 2018 because of the resources exploitation by government. Their lands are rich with natural resources: gold, precious minerals, fertile farms, hot springs with could developed into geothermal energy. In addition, although, The Lumad schools, which were crucial institution to transmit their culture, traditions and legacy, have been forcefully closed.
The clergy explained how their congregation became involved in accepting them by providing shelter in the UCCP temporary compound, since June 2019. Between June 2018 to June 2019, they camped in the Capitol Ground (in front of the Governor office). Then, the camps were demolished by the provincial government by forced. They were asked to move back to their land without given the guarantee that the military would stop harassing them.
There are many activists who are labelled as “red”. It means that they are “communist terrorist”, “terrorists” and “enemies of the state” and they are outside the protection of human rights, rule of law and international humanitarian law. It has been used by the State as a form of counter-agency strategy and has the following objectives: (1) sow terror among the civilian population; (2) immobilize officers and members of branded groups; and (3) destroy the progressive peoples’ movement. Red-baiting or classifying the individuals and groups as “friends” and “enemies” of the State creates and environment of suspicion, fear and division in society … meant to jolt and cause panic within the ranks of individuals and groups perceived as “threats or enemies of the State” to the extent of immobilizing them.
Since 2017, the Martial Law has been imposed on Mindanao Island. This has been used by the government as a reason to silence critical voices and to impose economic development policy which include removing the indigenous people from their ancestral land. Martial law has created human rights violations in the Philippines, particularly those involving killings, enforced disappearances, arbitrary arrest and detention, the intimidation and persecution of or violence against members of civil society, human rights defenders, indigenous peoples, journalists, lawyers and members of the political opposition, and restrictions on the freedoms of opinion and expression, peaceful assembly and association. It’s very disappointed to me.
Interestingly, I noticed that the indigenous social movement is in Philippine is earlier than in Taiwan. Acts and National Commission had been organized in 1997; however, it seems to me that Lumad people has been excluded for a long time.
As a member of World Indigenous People, I can feel their agonies and worries because that’s how Taiwan Indigenous People had suffered from the government generation by generation. It’s our scar in blood. I will go with you until the justice and peace embrace.

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